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Archive for the ‘Mao Tse-tung’ Category

From Wikipedia,

Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tungAbout this sound listen (help·info); (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was a Han Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader. He led the People’s Republic of China(PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to MarxismLeninism, military strategies, and his brand of Communist policies are now collectively known as Maoism.

Mao remains a controversial figure to this day, with a contentious and ever-evolving legacy. He is officially held in high regard in China as a great revolutionary, political strategist, military mastermind, and savior of the nation. Many Chinese also believe that through his policies, he laid the economic, technological and cultural foundations of modern China, transforming the country from an agrarian society into a major world power. Additionally, Mao is viewed as a poet, philosopher, and visionary, owing the latter primarily to the cult of personality fostered during his time in power.[1] Mao’s portrait continues to be featured prominently on Tiananmenand on all Renminbi bills.

Conversely, Mao’s social-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are blamed for costing millions of lives, causing severe famine and damage to the culturesociety and economy of China. Mao’s policies and political purges from 1949 to 1976 are widely believed to have caused the deaths of between 40 to 70 million people.[2][3][4][5] Since Deng Xiaoping assumed power in 1978, many Maoist policies have been abandoned in favour of economic reforms.

Mao is regarded as one of the most influential figures in modern world history,[6] and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century.[7]


维基百科,自由的百科全书

徐向前1901年11月8日1990年9月21日),原名徐象谦[1]:4,字子敬中国山西五台县[2]:1中国共产党中华人民共和国主要领导人,军事家、政治家。中华人民共和国十大元帅中唯一的北方人

徐向前早年加入黄埔军校一期,并参与指挥领导北伐战争,之后加入中国共产党。第一次国共内战期间,他参与广州暴动,并指挥工农红军参与中国共产党第一第二第三第四次反围剿战争。之后率领中国工农红军第四方面军转战陕甘宁地区、进行长征,并到达陕北。后率领西路军渡黄河北伐,但失败。中日战争期间,他担任国民革命军第十八集团军129师副师长,并参与开辟河北、山东等敌后根据地。第二次国共内战时期,其率领晋冀鲁豫军区部队指挥运城临汾晋中太原戰役等,攻占山西全境。中华人民共和国成立后,徐向前先后担任中央人民政府人民革命军事委员会总参谋长中央人民政府人民革命军事委员会副主席、国防委员会副主席,并在文化大革命期间被牵扯进二月逆流案。在担任国防部长期间,他宣布停止金门炮战


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